Useful tips

Does a period go after et al?

Does a period go after et al?

This phrase means “and others.” Most commonly, et al. indicates other contributors (authors, editors, etc.) in a bibliographic list, such as “Feynman, Hawking, Sagan, et al.” There should always be a period after et al. to show it is an abbreviation.

Can you end a sentence with et al?

because et is a complete Latin word meaning and — it’s not an abbreviation. But always put a period after al because it’s the abbreviation for the different forms of the Latin word meaning others (alii, alius, alia, or aliae). First, if an abbreviation ends a sentence, don’t put a second period.

How do you et al?

List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.

When you end a sentence with a quote where does the period go?

In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks, and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said. Peter, however, didn’t believe him.

How do you cite a website in AAA?

Author Surname, Author Forename Year PublishedTitle. http://Website URL, accessed October 10 , 2013.

Do periods always go inside parentheses?

Periods and Parentheses When a complete, independent sentence is entirely enclosed by parentheses, the period goes inside the closing parenthesis. But, if the parenthetical material is nested inside another sentence, the period should go on the outside.

How do you cite a source in anthropology?

Use the American Anthropological Association Guide to Chicago Style to help you cite your sources.

  1. In-Text Citations.
  2. References Cited.
  3. Core Elements: Presenter or Director, Year. “Title of Video (in quotations)”. Date filmed or date posted. Video. URL.

What means et al?

“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al. (2019) argue that …

When you end a sentence with an abbreviation?

No. A sentence should never have two periods at the end. If a sentence ends with an abbreviation followed by a period, do not add an additional period: She explained the rules for periods, commas, semicolons, etc.

Do you use and/or APA citations?

When should an ampersand be used? Ampersands (&) should only be used in parenthetical in-text citations. An ampersand separates the last and second to last author of a cited work.