What is Pyridine-N-oxide used for?

What is Pyridine-N-oxide used for?

Pyridine N-oxide is the pyridine N-oxide derived from the parent pyridine. It is a drug metabolite of the antihypertensive agent pinacidil. It has a role as a drug metabolite.

Why is Pyridine-N-oxide more reactive than pyridine?

Pyridine-N-oxide is more reactive towards electrophilic aromatic substitution (EAS) reaction than pyridine because the O atom can donate electrons into the ring by resonance.

Which is more basic pyridine or Pyridine-N-oxide?

In this case, the relative stability (in terms of stability of the protonated species) is determined by electronegativities of the nitrogen and oxygen atoms. Therefore, pyridines are stronger bases than pyridine N-oxides.

How can pyridine and oxide be reduced?

Pyridine N-oxides may be reduced at nitrogen and the aromatic ring in high yield under mild conditions by catalytic transfer hydrogenation using ammonium formate as the hydrogen source in the presence of 10 mol% palladium on carbon <2001JOC5264>.

What will happen if Pyridine-N-oxide is treated with Grignard reagent?

Pyridine N-oxides and pyrazine N-oxides are reacted with alkyl , aryl , alkynyl and vinyl Grignard reagents to give a diverse set of heterocycles in high yields. Optically active substituted piperazines are obtained by an asymmetric reaction from pyrazine N-oxides using sparteine as chiral ligand .

What is the major product of nitration of pyridine?

Nitration of pyridines 1a–o with nitric acid in trifluoroacetic anhydride , gave the corresponding 3-nitropyridines 6a–n in yields of 10–83%.

What is the amination product of Pyridine-N-oxide?

3.2. Pyridine N-oxide is nitrated (H2SO4/HNO3, 100 °C) to give the 4-nitro derivative in good yield. Substituted pyridine oxides such as the 2- and 3-methyl, -halo, and -methoxy derivatives also give 4-nitro compounds in high yield. Quinoline N-oxides are selectively nitrated at the 4-position at temperatures above ca.

Which is method used for synthesis of Pyridine-N-oxide?

Pyridine-N-oxide has been prepared by oxidation of pyridine with perbenzoic acid,4 with monoperphthalic acid,5 with peracetic acid (hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid),6,7 and with hydrogen peroxide and other carboxylic acids.7.

How do you reduce N oxides?

N-Oxides are readily reduced to the parent heterocycles using trivalent phosphorus compounds such as triphenylphosphine, phosphorus trihalides, and triethyl phosphite. Readily reduced substituents are not affected although nitro groups may be displaced by halogen.

Is Phenylmagnesium bromide a Grignard reagent?

An organomagnesium halide such as phenylmagnesium bromide (PhMgBr) is commonly referred to as a Grignard reagent. A Grignard reagent is formed by reaction of magnesium metal with an organic halide in diethyl ether. The halide can be iodine (most reactive), bromine or chlorine (least reactive).

How do you make pyridine and oxide?