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What is XHTML format?

What is XHTML format?

XHTML is a standard way to format HTML pages. It ensures that HTML pages are not only legal in that they will generate content, but are written in a more uniform way. XHTML stands for Extensible Hypertext Markup Language, and can be seen as HTML that fits XML requirements.

How do you write XHTML?

XHTML – Syntax

  1. Write a DOCTYPE declaration at the start of the XHTML document.
  2. Write all XHTML tags and attributes in lower case only.
  3. Close all XHTML tags properly.
  4. Nest all the tags properly.
  5. Quote all the attribute values.
  6. Forbid Attribute minimization.
  7. Replace the name attribute with the id attribute.

How can I learn XHTML?

Prerequisites. Before proceeding with this tutorial, you need to have a basic knowledge of working on Windows or Linux. You need to be familiar with any of the text editors such as Notepad, Notepad++, or Editplus. You are also required to work with browsers such as IE, Firefox, or Google Chrome, comfortably.

Is XHTML a programming language?

What Does Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) Mean? Extensible hypertext markup language (XHTML) is a hybrid language between XML and HTML and is also an accepted standard in the coding world. It is similar to HTML 4.01 and is considered as HTML defined as an application of XML.

How convert XHTML to HTML5?

It consists of several steps:

  1. Make a copy of your entire website, and work your changes on the copy.
  2. Change the DOCTYPE and section to HTML5 markup.
  3. Remove Dublin Core metadata.
  4. Add microformats and microdata as appropriate.
  5. Update tags for external stylesheets and JavaScript files.


Extensible HyperText Markup Language (XHTML) and HyperText Markup Language (HTML5) are both markup languages. XHTML is an extension of HTML that was created to solve compatibility issues across browsers. ​HTML5 is a newer version of HTML.

What is the relationship between XML and XHTML?

1. XML is a set of rules that are set for encoding documents; XHTML is the XML equivalent of HTML that is a more restrictive subset of SGML. 2. XML is comprised entirely of Unicode; XHTML comes in three versions: XHTML 1.0 Strict, XHTML 1.0 Transitional and XHTML 1.0 Frameset.