Users' questions

What is the pathophysiology of seizure disorder?

What is the pathophysiology of seizure disorder?

Seizures are paroxysmal manifestations of the electrical properties of the cerebral cortex. A seizure results when a sudden imbalance occurs between the excitatory and inhibitory forces within the network of cortical neurons in favor of a sudden-onset net excitation.

Can seizures cause vomiting?

Ictal nausea with vomiting is a rare clinical manifestation of seizures. Ictal vomiting is considered a localizing sign in patients with partial seizures of temporal origin.

What are nursing interventions for seizure activity?

Maintain in lying position, flat surface; turn head to side during seizure activity; loosen clothing from neck or chest and abdominal areas; suction as needed; supervise supplemental oxygen or bag ventilation as needed postictally. Improve self-esteem.

Can epilepsy be hereditary?

Experts believe that, in many cases, genetic predisposition combined with environmental conditions lead to epilepsy. About 30 to 40 percent of epilepsy is caused by genetic predisposition. First-degree relatives of people with inherited epilepsy have a two- to four-fold increased risk for epilepsy.

What does a seizure feel like in your sleep?

Nocturnal seizures are seizures that happen while a person is asleep. They can cause unusual nighttime behavior, such as waking for no reason or urinating while sleeping, as well as jerking and shaking of the body.

Can epilepsy make you sick?

nausea and/or vomiting. fatigue, lethargy, or sleep following seizures. altered level of consciousness, such as confusion or unresponsiveness. convulsive seizures known as generalized tonic-clonic seizures.

What do you do when someone wakes up from a seizure?

Stay with the person until the seizure ends and he or she is fully awake. After it ends, help the person sit in a safe place. Once they are alert and able to communicate, tell them what happened in very simple terms. Comfort the person and speak calmly.

What needs to be in a seizure care plan?

A care plan for your epilepsy should be like a ‘road map’ of your condition, and its treatment and management. It should have information about your epilepsy and seizures, and your treatment, including what treatment you are on, any treatments that you are starting or what might be considered in the future.

Are nocturnal seizures hereditary?

Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) is an uncommon form of epilepsy that runs in families. This disorder causes seizures that usually occur at night (nocturnally) while an affected person is sleeping.