Which condition is a swelling and hyperemia of the optic disc?

Which condition is a swelling and hyperemia of the optic disc?

Symptoms and Signs of Papilledema Ophthalmoscopic examination reveals engorged and tortuous retinal veins, a hyperemic and swollen optic disk (optic nerve head), and retinal hemorrhages around the disk but not into the retinal periphery.

What causes blurred optic disc?

Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve that causes blurred, grey and dim vision. If you have these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. Common causes of optic neuritis include multiple sclerosis, cytomegalovirus, Lyme disease and herpes.

What is the most common cause of optic nerve swelling?

The most common cause for ON is inflammatory demyelination of the optic nerve. Demyelination is a process in which the myelin is stripped off by disease. It is believed that ON is an autoimmune process, where for some unknown reason the immune system attacks tissues of the body causing injury.

What hyperemia means?

Hyperemia is when your blood adjusts to support different tissues throughout your body. It can be caused by a variety of conditions. There are two types of hyperemia: active and passive. Active hyperemia is quite common and not a medical concern. Passive hyperemia is usually caused by disease and is more serious.

What can cause optic disc swelling?


  • A head injury.
  • A brain or spinal cord tumor.
  • Inflammation of the brain or any of its coverings, such as meningitis.
  • Extremely high blood pressure.
  • Bleeding in the brain.
  • A blood clot or a problem within certain veins.
  • Pus collecting from a brain infection.

What causes hyperaemia?

Hyperemia is the increase of blood to your organs. There are two types of hyperemia. The causes of hyperemia include exercise, digestion, fever, hot flashes, injury and infection, heart failure, and thrombosis. Hyperemia is the increase of blood to your organs.

Is a swollen optic nerve an emergency?

Papilledema is swelling of your optic nerve, which connects the eye and brain. This swelling is a reaction to a buildup of pressure in or around your brain that may have many causes. Often, it’s a warning sign of a serious medical condition that needs attention, such as a brain tumor or hemorrhage.