# Who discovered the catenary?

## Who discovered the catenary?

Christiaan Huygens
It was later in the 17th century that the Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens showed that the chain curve cannot be given by an algebraic equation (one involving only arithmetic operations together with powers and roots); he also coined the term catenary.

### What is catenary model?

Catenary models have all compartments arranged in a chain, with each connected (in series) only to its nearest neighbors [9].

What is the purpose of catenary?

In our world, a catenary is a system of overhead wires used to supply electricity to a locomotive, streetcar, or light rail vehicle which is equipped with a pantograph. The pantagraph presses against the underside of the lowest overhead wire, the contact wire.

How do you calculate catenary force?

These equations can be used as the starting point in the analysis of a flexible chain acting under any external force. In the case of the standard catenary, G = (0, −λg) where the chain has mass λ per unit length and g is the acceleration of gravity.

## What is normal catenary?

The common catenary is the overhead wiring that passes power to trains in the rail industry. The hyperbolic cosine and sine functions are simple solutions to Maxwell’s equations in optics and electromagnetics. A catenary shape would be formed by the symmetric modes, which are made up of two evanescent waves.

### What is a catenary arch used for?

A catenary can also be called alysoid or chainette. In architecture and engineering, catenaries are used in bridge and arch design to avoid bending moments. The catenary is also regarded as the ideal shape for an arch that is free-standing and of constant thickness.

How does a catenary arch work?

Catenary arches are strong because they redirect the vertical force of gravity into compression forces pressing along the arch’s curve. This principle has been employed architecturally to create arched structures that follow exactly, and in a visibly apparent way, the form of an inverted catenary.

What is catenary wire used for?

In our world, a catenary is a system of overhead wires used to supply electricity to a locomotive, streetcar, or light rail vehicle which is equipped with a pantograph.