What is final consonant devoicing?

What is final consonant devoicing?

Final Consonant Devoicing is when a voiced consonant (e.g. b, d) at the end of a word is substituted with a voiceless consonant (e.g. p, t) (e.g. “tup” for “tub”).

Which languages have final devoicing?

Final devoicing is a systematic phonological process occurring in languages such as German, Dutch, Polish, and Russian. Such languages have voiced obstruents in the syllable coda or at the end of a word become voiceless.

What is devoicing phonetics?

In PHONETICS, the process by which SPEECH sounds that are normally voiced are made voiceless immediately after a voiceless obstruent: for example, the /r/ in cream /kriːm/ and the /w/ in twin /twɪn/.

Why does final Devoicing occur?

Final devoicing occurs when voiced plosives become devoiced in the syllable-final position. The longer VOT for a voiceless plosive is due to the release of air that occurs between the initial sound of the consonant and the next vowel or consonant sound.

What is partial devoicing?

Partial devoicing displays whisper of voicelessness at the beginning of the medial phase (initial devoicing) or at the end of the medial phase (final devoicing). Full devoicing: the entire medial phase is characterized by whisper of voicelessness.

What is vowel devoicing?

In the standard and many other dialects of Japanese, the vowels ‘i’ and ‘u’ are often devoiced between two voiceless consonants or following a voiceless consonant at the end of a word. This means that the mouth still takes and hold the shape of the vowel for the duration of the mora, it isn’t voiced.

What conditions allow for the devoicing of fricative?

It is a continuous variable to which (1) place of articulation; (2) position; (3) manner class and voicing of adjacent phones; (4) emphatic stress and (5) free variation in force of articulation can contribute.

What does devoicing mean in speech?

verb (used with object), de·voiced, de·voic·ing. to pronounce (an ordinarily voiced speech sound) without vibration of the vocal cords; make voiceless. to devoice a speech sound.

What is initial devoicing?

The initial stops are subject to initial devoicing: the onset of vocal cord vibration occurs toward the end of the compression stage. As a result, initially devoiced stops are rather like unaspirated voiceless stops. The syllable-final stops are subject to final devoicing.

What are obstruents and sonorants?

Sonorants are the whole group of pretty-sonorous sounds, including vowels, glides, liquids, and nasals, while obstruents are the group of not-very-sonorous sounds, including fricatives, affricates, and stops, the last two of which I’ll get to in a sec.

What are the differences between obstruents and non obstruents?

When they are syllable nuclei (huddle, button) they are +Syllabic. The primary function of this feature is to distinguish fricatives, +Continuant, from other obstruents (stops and affricates), -Continuant….Phonology.

-sonorant -sonorant -continuant -sonorant -continuant -voice
Obstruents Stops Voiceless Stops