What is the genetic disorders found on chromosome 17?

What is the genetic disorders found on chromosome 17?

Human chromosome 17 is implicated in a wide range of human genetic diseases. It is home to genes involved in early-onset breast cancer (BRCA1), neurofibromatosis (NF1) and the DNA damage response (TP53 encoding the p53 protein).

What is 17q12 microdeletion syndrome?

17q12 microdeletion syndrome is a rare chromosomal anomaly syndrome resulting from the partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 17 characterized by renal cystic disease, maturity onset diabetes of the young type 5, and neurodevelopmental disorders, such as cognitive impairment, developmental delay (particularly …

What disease is caused by a missing chromosome?

Turner syndrome, a condition that affects only females, results when one of the X chromosomes (sex chromosomes) is missing or partially missing. Turner syndrome can cause a variety of medical and developmental problems, including short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects.

What happens when you are missing chromosome 17?

Deletion of a small amount of genetic material (a microdeletion) on chromosome 17 can cause Koolen-de Vries syndrome. This disorder is characterized by developmental delay, intellectual disability, a cheerful and sociable disposition, and a variety of physical abnormalities.

What causes a chromosome deletion?

Deletions can be caused by errors in chromosomal crossover during meiosis, which causes several serious genetic diseases. Deletions that do not occur in multiples of three bases can cause a frameshift by changing the 3-nucleotide protein reading frame of the genetic sequence.

Is there a cure for Alexander’s disease?

There is no cure for Alexander disease, nor is there a standard course of treatment. Treatment of Alexander disease is symptomatic and supportive. The prognosis for individuals with Alexander disease is generally poor. Most children with the infantile form do not survive past the age of 6.