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What does catalyzes the hydrolysis mean?

What does catalyzes the hydrolysis mean?

In the biochemical process of digestion, enzymes secreted by the digestive tract catalyze the hydrolysis of complex molecules into forms that the body organisms can assimilate. Hydrolysis involving ionic compounds may be illustrated by the chemical changes occurring in an aqueous solution of the salt sodium acetate.

What are glycosides with example?

Examples of this large group of glycosides include: Hesperidin (aglycone: hesperetin, glycone: rutinose) Naringin (aglycone: naringenin, glycone: rutinose) Rutin (aglycone: quercetin, glycone: rutinose)

What do you understand by hydrolysis explain giving examples?

Dissolving a salt of a weak acid or base in water is an example of a hydrolysis reaction. Strong acids may also be hydrolyzed. For example, dissolving sulfuric acid in water yields hydronium and bisulfate.

What is an enzyme’s role as a catalyst?

The Catalytic Activity of Enzymes First, they increase the rate of chemical reactions without themselves being consumed or permanently altered by the reaction. Second, they increase reaction rates without altering the chemical equilibrium between reactants and products.

What is the component you can get upon hydrolysis of glycoside?

During aqueous extraction, the glycosides are decomposed into aglycone and sugar moieties. Aglycone and glycone moieties get hydrolyzed and partitioned.

What do you mean by glycosides?

Glycosides can be defined as the compounds in which one or more sugars are combined with nonsugar molecules through glycosidic linkage.

What type of reaction is glycoside hydrolysis?

INTRODUCTION Acids catalyze the reversible reaction that results in the formation and hydrolysis of glycosides. Also possible are acid-catalyzed epimerization and dehydration reactions that result in the formation of furfural derivatives and anhydro sugars.

What is acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of glycosides 31?

ACID-CATALYZED HYDROLYSIS OF GLYCOSIDES 31 from the results of the hydrolysis of oligo- and poly-saccharides. Overend and coworkers23have shown that the hydrolysis of methyl a-D-glucopyranoside is about twice as fast in deuterium oxide as in water.

What type of reaction occurs in dilute solutions of glycoside and acid?

This chapter discusses the reaction that predominates in the dilute solutions of both glycoside and acid at temperatures of 100° or below––that is, hydrolysis. The method used for kinetic measurements is indicated in the chapter.

What is the hydrolysis of disaccharides?

The hydrolysis of disaccharides may be likened to the hydrolysis of an aliphatic glycoside; the “aglycon” is, however, another sugar residue. It might, therefore, be expected that the nonreducing portion should have (126) A. A. Konkin, V. K. Buyanova, L. M. Vinogradova, and Z. A. Rogovin, Soobshch. o Nauchn.