What is the function of the sella?

What is the function of the sella?

Within your skull, there’s a small, bony nook at the base of your brain that holds and protects your pituitary gland (which controls how hormones work in your body). This tiny structure is called the sella turcica.

What is a brain sella?

The pituitary is a small gland located just underneath the brain. It is attached to the bottom of the brain by the pituitary stalk. The pituitary sits protected inside a saddle-like bony compartment in the base of the skull. This compartment is called the sella.

What does empty sella mean on MRI?

This compartment is called the sella. When the pituitary gland shrinks or becomes flattened, it cannot be seen on an MRI scan. This makes the area of the pituitary gland look like an “empty sella.” But the sella is not actually empty. It is often filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

How do you fix empty sella syndrome?

For primary empty sella syndrome:

  1. There is no treatment if pituitary function is normal.
  2. Medicines may be prescribed to treat any abnormal hormone levels.

What is Sellar region?

The sellar region is a tiny anatomic compartment in which many lesions and developmental diseases can be found. The area immediately around the pituitary, the sellar region and parasellar region, is an anatomically complex area that represents a crucial crossroads for important adjacent structures.

What causes a Sellar Mass?

Pituitary adenomas are the most common cause of a mass in the sella. In as many as 9% of cases, other etiologies are responsible for mass lesions in the sellar regions4, 13′ (Table 1).

How do I know if I have pituitary problems?

Pituitary tumors that make hormones (functioning) can cause a variety of signs and symptoms depending on the hormone they produce….Signs and symptoms include:

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Weakness.
  • Feeling cold.
  • Less frequent or no menstrual periods.
  • Sexual dysfunction.
  • Increased amount of urine.
  • Unintended weight loss or gain.