Users' questions

What is Supramalleolar osteotomy?

What is Supramalleolar osteotomy?

The supramalleolar osteotomy is a commonly used surgical procedure to correct congenital or acquired deformities of the distal tibia, ankle, or foot. In children, osteotomy has been used to correct malunion of fractures, physeal growth arrest, tibial torsion, paralytic deformities, and sequelae of a clubfoot.

What is distal tibial osteotomy?

Distal tibial osteotomy (DTO) is a type of joint-preserving surgery allowing patients to reacquire ankle stability and achieve weight-bearing; hence, it has been reported that DTO using a site with remaining healthy cartilage is indicated for stage II-IIIB arthropathy.

What is meant by osteotomy?

An osteotomy is any surgery that cuts and reshapes your bones. You may need this type of procedure to repair a damaged joint. It’s also used to shorten or lengthen a deformed bone that doesn’t line up with a joint like it should.

What is osteotomy tibia and fibula?

Tibial derotation and osteotomy surgery involves intentionally cracking the tibia (shin bone) and the fibula (smaller bone in lower leg) usually just above the ankle. This is then followed by rotating the bone into proper alignment.

What is Supramalleolar orthosis?

Supramalleolar orthotics (SMOs) are orthotics that control the alignment of the foot while allowing free ankle motion. This case series study analyzed the gait and gross motor function of four children with spastic diplegic CP who were tested in AFOs and SMOs.

Where is the Supramalleolar area?

An SMO (Supramalleolar Orthosis) supports the foot just above the ankle bone or malleolus. SMOs are prescribed for patients who have soft, flexible, flat feet (pes planovalgus). They are mostly worn by children. The SMO is designed to maintain a vertical, or neutral, heel while also supporting the arches of the foot.

What is a Medializing calcaneal osteotomy?

Medializing osteotomy: In this procedure, the heel bone is cut and moved towards the inside part of the foot to help restore a fallen arch. Arthritis, loss of tendon function, and injury are some causes of a fallen arch.

What is a fibula osteotomy?

Proximal fibular osteotomy (PFO) or upper partial fibulectomy is a procedure that has been proposed relatively recently to reduce knee pain in patients with medial OA and is being taken up by an increasing number of orthopedic surgeons.

Does my child need orthotics?

The simple answer is no. Most kids do not need orthotic devices, but there are exceptions. Orthotic devices are inserts for the shoes that usually replace the sock liner and are designed to support the arch. These inserts are sometimes called arch supports, but they can do much more.