What are the most common anticonvulsants?

What are the most common anticonvulsants?

The top three agents prescribed by psychiatrists are clonazepam, lamotrigine, and divalproex; neurologists most commonly prescribe topiramate, gabapentin, and levetiracetam.

What anticonvulsant drug is used for idiopathic epilepsy?

Levetiracetam is approved for use: As add-on therapy for children 12 years and older and adults for treatment of myoclonic seizures from juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. As add-on therapy for children 6 years and older and adults with generalized onset tonic-clonic seizures from idiopathic primary generalized epilepsy.

What are the names of anticonvulsant medications?

Summary of Antiepileptic Drugs

Narrow-spectrum AEDs: Broad-spectrum AEDs:
– phenytoin (Dilantin) – valproic acid (Depakote)
– phenobarbital – lamotrigine (Lamictal)
– carbamazepine (Tegretol) – topiramate (Topamax)
– oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) – zonisamide (Zonegran)

Is lorazepam an anticonvulsant?

Lorazepam is a benzodiazepine anticonvulsant medication of proven efficacy in older infants and children. Lorazepam enters the brain rapidly and produces a pronounced anticonvulsant effect in less than 5 minutes.

Is anticonvulsant a benzo?

Benzodiazepine anticonvulsants refer to those benzodiazepines that are also effective at controlling or preventing convulsions or seizures. All benzodiazepines act on gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA-A) receptors, but there are several different GABA-A receptor subtypes.

What drug classification is diazepam?

Diazepam is in a class of medications called benzodiazepines. It works by calming abnormal overactivity in the brain.

Which benzodiazepines are commonly used as anticonvulsants?

The BZDs in use as antiepileptic drugs are diazepam, clonazepam, clobazam, nitrazepam, and lately, also lorazepam and midazolam as emergency therapy. The BZDs have a wide-spectrum of proven clinical efficacy in the prevention of different kind of seizures.

What are benzodiazepine anticonvulsants?

Benzodiazepine anticonvulsants are a class of drugs that are used to treat seizures (convulsions). They mainly work by affecting the gamma amino-butyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that nerves release to communicate with other nearby nerves.